Pregnant women who have the hepatitis B virus can pass the
virus to their baby during delivery.
Without any intervention, 85-90% of the babies born to hepatitis B
positive mothers will become chronically infected with the virus.
All pregnant women should be tested for
hepatitis B, which should be done at the same time as other prenatal
If a woman tests positive (has HBsAg in her
blood), the newborn should receive HBIG along with the hepatitis B
All newborns born to a hepatitis B positive
mother must receive HBIG and the first dose of the hepatitis B vaccine
within 12 hours of birth
The second dose is a given 1 month after the
first dose, and the third dose is given at 6 months after the first
The infants should be tested for immunity, upon
completion of the vaccine series
NOTE: As part of
routine childhood vaccinations, it is recommended that all infants be immunized
against hepatitis B starting at birth, regardless of mothers hepatitis B
status. However, this routine
immunization series does not include the dose of HBIG.
Women with hepatitis B can breastfeed, provided
that the baby receives HBIG, and the first dose of the vaccine within 12
hours of birth, and receives the other two doses of the vaccine on
This page was last modified on: 10/1/2012 09:40:53