Friday, March 12, 2004
This Week in the News
reason for collecting, analyzing and disseminating information on a
disease is to control that disease. Collection and analysis should not
be allowed to consume resources if action does not follow."
Florida Youth Tobacco Survey Shows Steady Decline in Usage Among Teens
The numbers show either improved or maintained levels compared to previous years.
Public Health Through Respiratory Syncytial Virus Surveillance
Bioterrorism Surveillance Epidemiologist Karen Wheeler shares her poster abstract from this year's International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases in Atlanta.
Update Review - Tell Us What You Think
It's only 10 questions and will take five minutes, but your answers will provide meaningful insight to the editors of Epi Update.
Acquainted - Meet the Bureau Contract Manager|
This week, we introduce you to Anne Frost, also known as our contract manager and administrator of competitive procurement.
|Epi Update Managing Staff:||
Vaccination Clinics: A Reality Check|
A satellite broadcast on the topic as it relates to bioterrorism threats or influenza pandemics will be shown on March 18, with CEUs offered for various professions.
|John Agwunobi, MD, MBA, Secretary, Department of Health||
Grand Rounds to Cover Florida's Cancer Registry|
The March 30th program will introduce participants to the system which provides statistical data for analysis in cancer etiology, treatment and control. The presenter will be Tara Hylton, MPH.
|Landis Crockett, MD, MPH, Director, Division of Disease Control||
Influenza Surveillance For the Week Ending February 28, 2004|
Reports from the state, the nation and around the world for Week 8.
Acting Bureau Chief, Epi Update
A report outlining activities for February 22-28, 2004 for confirmed cases.
|Jaime Forth, Copy Editor/ Writer|
A R T I C L E S
|Zhaohui Fan, MPH, Epidemiologist, Chronic Disease Surveillance and Epidemiology Section, Bureau of Epidemiology||►Latest Florida Youth Tobacco Survey Shows Continuous Decrease in Usage Among Teens|
The Bureau of Epidemiology is proud to announce the publication of 2003 Florida Youth Tobacco Survey (FYTS) data. This report is available at the bureau’s website at: http://www.doh.state.fl.us/disease_ctrl/epi/topics/pubs.htm.
The Bureau of Epidemiology has conducted the Florida Youth Tobacco Survey (FYTS) annually since 1998. An up-to-date report developed by the bureau and based on the 2003 FYTS reveals a continuous decrease in tobacco use among Florida youth. Compared to 2002, almost all main indicators in 2003 were either improved or at least maintained at 2002 levels.
The major findings from this survey among Florida public schools during 1998 to 2003 are:
· Number of students who ever tried cigarettes decreased by 40% among middle school students and by 26% among high school students.
· Number of students who have committed to never smoking increased by 55% among middle school students and by 81% among high school students.
· Number of current cigarette smokers decreased by 57% among middle school students and by 36% among high school students.
· Number of current any-tobacco users decreased by 52% among middle school students and by 33% among high school students.
· Number of students exposed to second-hand smoke decreased by 7% among middle school students and by 8% among high school students.
|Karen Wheeler, MPH, Bioterrorism Surveillance Epidemiologist, Bureau of Epidemiology||►Improving Public Health Through Respiratory Syncytial Virus Surveillance|
This year's International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases,
hosted by the CDC, the WHO, American Society for Microbiology,
Association of Public Health Laboratories and Council of State and
Territorial Epidemiologists provided, by all accounts, a challenging
agenda with a series of notable topics ranging from New and Emerging
Zoonoses: The Human and Animal Interface to Plagues, Public
Health, and Politics. Among the posters selected for presentation
during the February 29 - March 3 conference was one submitted by a staff
member of the Bureau of Epidemiology. Reprinted here is Karen Wheeler's
Improving public health
practice through respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) surveillance
|Jaime Forth, Copy Editor/ Writer, Bureau of Epidemiology||
Update Review - Tell Us What You Think
What readers have to say concerning Epi Update is important, so please take a few moments to let us know how we're doing. What's more, we've made it easy for you to link to the survey site by [clicking the link here.]
The editors have established a deadline of March 19th for submissions.
This survey contains 10 multiple choice questions and takes as little as five minutes to complete. For aspiring writers who would like to submit suggestions, there's even space provided for comments. Time's a' wasting! Click on the link to begin.
We're looking forward to hearing from you
and do appreciate your taking the time to share your input.
|Jaime Forth, Copy Editor/ Writer, Bureau of Epidemiology||
Acquainted - Meet the Bureau Contract Manager
Anne Frost arrived at the Bureau of Epidemiology in June 2003 with an important task at hand. Her newly-created position would be responsible for managing multiple contracts for services such as staff augmentation, BRFSS, the Florida Cancer Data System, and projects involving the EpiCom and Merlin systems. She would also assume responsibility for direct administrative oversight of all the bureau’s competitive procurement operations, contract development, and related budget. It was a tall order, but she was well prepared.
Anne has spent nearly 20 years in state service, primarily in operations and management positions entailing procurement, analysis, and contract administration. Her desire for order and clarity have remained consistent fixtures through the years as she manages a scope of work involving careful attention to detail. These served her particularly well during a year-long sabbatical in the mountains of Colorado several years ago, where a life-long interest in art led her to a year of design work in stained glass and the sale of her pieces by local art galleries.
Anne's technical training and skills range from certification in International Contract Negotiations to training as a legislative bill analyst. During the past ten years she has conducted contract management training workshops and also headed proposal evaluation teams.
knowledge of the state procurement system plays a valuable role in the
operations of the
Bureau of Epidemiology.
|Melanie Black, MSW, Professional Training Coordinator, Bureau of Epidemiology||
The California Department of Health Services and the Centers for Disease Control will be conducting a satellite broadcast titled “Mass Vaccination Clinics: A Reality Check” on Thursday, March 18, 2004 12:00 –1:30 p.m. EST and 11:00 a.m.-12: 30 p.m. CST. The intended audience for this broadcast is state and local health department staff responsible for implementing vaccination clinics and staff who would respond to BT threats and/or influenza pandemics. The program will provide information on why practical exercises can improve a Bioterrorism/pandemic mass vaccination clinic plan; differences between smallpox and pandemic flu clinic operations; components necessary for a mass vaccination clinic and potential challenges faced by mass vaccination clinic planners.
credits will be offered for various professions based on 1.5 hours of
|Tara Hylton, MPH, Canter Epidemiologist, Chronic Disease Surveillance and Epidemiology Section||
Grand Rounds to Cover Florida's Cancer Registry
Bureau of Epidemiology Grand Rounds Program Tuesday, March 30, 2004 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m.
Topic: Florida’s Cancer Registry: Data Collection, Analysis, and Utilization
Florida’s statewide cancer registry, Florida Cancer Data Systems (FCDS), was established in 1978. Florida statutes mandate cancer reporting to FCDS. Presently, incidence data on cancer cases seen in Florida are reported from hospitals, ambulatory diagnostic and treatment centers, clinical laboratories, and physician offices. There are approximately 95,000 newly diagnosed cancer cases per year. The FCDS database contains approximately 2,000,000 case records. FCDS receives cancer case reports daily and performs quality checks to avoid duplication and compile a complete incidence record. Cancer registry data are available for researchers to conduct cancer studies in cancer etiology, control, and treatment.
|Angela Fix, MPH, Respiratory Disease Surveillance Epidemiologist, Melissa Covey, Influenza Surveillance Coordinator||
Influenza Surveillance For the Week Ending February 28, 2004
Florida influenza-like illness (ILI) activity has begun to level off across the state according to the most recent data for the week ending February 28, 2004. Five counties reported as having a high ILI% activity for the week compared to eight the previous week. However, not all sentinels have reported at the time that this summary was written (83% reporting as of March 9). Compared with the previous week, six counties reported an increase in ILI activity, while ten counties reported a decrease and fourteen counties remained at a level activity. Of the thirty counties represented by the Florida Sentinel Physician Influenza Surveillance Network (FSPISN), eleven counties reported no influenza-like illness activity for the week ending February 28. The FSPISN providers reported seeing 19,569 total patients during week 08, of which, 267 patients were seen with influenza-like illness symptoms (1.36% statewide ILI activity). The percentage of specimens testing positive for influenza at the state branch laboratories has decreased from previous weeks. The influenza activity code for Florida was reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as “local” for the week ending February 28, 2004.
Across the nation, five states, including Florida, reported local activity; thirty-two states reported sporadic activity; and twelve states reported no ILI activity for the week ending February 28. One state did not report. Mortality due to pneumonia and influenza (P&I) remained below the epidemic threshold for the week ending February 28. The percentage of patient visits seen with influenza-like illness to sentinel providers across the nation was 1.1% for week 08.
On March 9, 2004, the World Health Organization announced the 11th confirmed human case of avian influenza H5N1 in Thailand. The patient is a 29-year-old man who developed symptoms on February 13 and was admitted to the hospital on February 20. The patient recovered and was discharged from the hospital on March 7. The man had a history of contact with diseased and dead chickens. This brings the total number of human cases to 22 in Vietnam, of which 15 have passed away and 11 in Thailand, of which 7 have passed away. A fact sheet about the significance of avian influenza for human health can be found at the World Health Organization’s website: http://www.who.int.
To view the complete report, [click here.]
|Arbovirus Surveillance Team: Caroline Collins, Kristen Payne and Calvin DeSouza, and Program Manager Carina Blackmore, DVM, Ph.D., State Public Health Veterinarian, Bureau of Community Environmental Health||
No Florida counties are under medical alert. In areas with mosquitoes present, people are still encouraged to take precautions against mosquito bites.
WN Virus activity: There were seven seroconversions to WN virus reported this week in sentinel chickens from Collier (2/9), Pinellas (2/23x2) and Walton (2/9, 2/19x3) counties. A live blue jay captured (2/17) in Okaloosa County tested positive for WN. So far this year, there have been 45 seroconversions to WN virus in sentinel chickens from nine counties, two WN-confirmed dead birds from Marion and Miami-Dade counties, two WN-positive live birds from two counties and one WN-confirmed horse from Polk County. In all, fourteen counties have reported confirmed WN virus activity this year.
SLE Virus activity: None this week. So far this year, six sentinel chickens from Charlotte and Lee County have tested positive for SLE.
activity: There was one seroconversion to EEE virus in a sentinel chicken from
Orange County (2/23). So far this year, seven sentinel chickens
and two horses have tested positive for EEE virus, for a total of six
counties reporting EEE virus activity in 2004.