Sexual Violence Prevention Program (SVPP)
Overview and Contact | Program Components | SV Council and DV Coalition | Strategic Planning | Data Registry | Rape Crisis Program Trust Fund | Public Awareness and Media | Human Trafficking | Internet Resources | Contract Supplemental Resource Manual
What is Human Trafficking?
Trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transporting, providing or obtaining, by any means, and person for labor or services involving forces labor, slavery or servitude in any industry, such as forced or coerced participating in agriculture, prostitution, manufacturing, or other industries or in domestic service or marriage. (Freedom Network, based on the federal criminal law definitions of trafficking).
How many people are trafficked?
Estimates in the U.S. exceed 14,500-17,500 annually, of which 80% are women and children. Globally, the numbers range from 600,000 to 4 million people who are trafficked worldwide each year (United Nations).
Human Trafficking Defined:
The chart below, extrapolated and simplified from the 2000 UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially women and children definition, is a useful tool for analyzing individual cases to determine whether or not they constitute trafficking. In order for the situation to be trafficking, it must have at least one of the elements within each of the three criteria of Process, Means, and Goal.
Human Trafficking is:
If one condition from each category is met, the result is trafficking. For adults, victim consent is irrelevant if one of the Means is employed. For children consent is irrelevant with or without the Means category.
Chart developed by Solidarity Center (www.solidaritycenter.org) and International Catholic Migration Commission (www.icmc.org). Circulated by the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, U.S. Department of State January 15, 2008.